Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden injury causes damage to your brain. A "closed head injury" may cause brain damage if something hits your head hard but doesn’t break through your skull. A "penetrating head injury" occurs when an object breaks through your skull and enters your brain.
Rehab may help:
Rehab can also help prevent complications of TBI such as:
Rehab after a TBI is not likely to cause problems, but there is always a risk that parts of treatment such as physical or occupational therapy might lead to new injuries or make existing symptoms or injuries worse if not done properly.
That’s why it is important to work closely with your rehab specialist who will take steps to help prevent problems, but they may still happen. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider before rehab.
Before you can start rehab, you must get care and treatment for the early effects of TBI, which might include:
Every person's needs and abilities after TBI are different. You will have a rehab program designed especially for you. Your program is likely to involve many types of medical professionals. It’s important to have one central person you can talk to. This person is often called your case coordinator.
Over time, your program will likely change as your needs and abilities change.
Rehab can take place in various settings. You, your case coordinator, and your family should pick the setting that works best for you. Possible settings include:
Your individual program may include any or all of these treatments:
You have many options for rehab therapy, and the type of rehab therapy that you need will be determined by your medical team. Your medical team will assess your needs and abilities. This evaluation may include:
How long your rehab lasts and how much follow-up care you will need afterwards depends on how severe your brain damage was and how well you respond to therapy. Some people may be able to return to the same level of ability they had before TBI. Others need lifetime care.
Some long-term effects of TBI can show up years later. You may be at higher risk long-term for problems such as Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease, and other forms of dementia.
After rehab you may be given these instructions:
Your primary care provider should be given all the records and recommendations from your therapy team to help ensure that you continue to get the right care.
Before you agree to the test or the procedure make sure you know:
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