Reactive arthritis is a type of arthritis that occurs because of an infection.
Arthritis is when joints become inflamed and painful. Reactive arthritis is not
contagious. It was formerly known as Reiter’s syndrome. It affects men more often than
women. It develops most often between ages 20 and 50.
Reactive arthritis is not contagious, but it’s caused by some infections that are
contagious. The infections that most often cause the disease are spread through sexual
contact. The bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It can cause infections in the bladder,
urethra, penis, or vagina.
infections that can cause reactive arthritis infect the gut. One cause is salmonella.
This infection can come from eating food or handling objects that have the bacteria.
Reactive arthritis may also be linked to genes. People with reactive arthritis often
have the HLA-B27 gene. But many people have this gene without getting reactive
factors for getting reactive arthritis include:
Reactive arthritis may cause arthritis symptoms, such as joint pain and inflammation.
It can also cause urinary tract symptoms and eye infection (conjunctivitis). Symptoms
can last from 3 to 12 months. In a small number of people, the symptoms may turn into
chronic disease. Symptoms can happen a bit differently in each person, and may
Urinary tract symptoms
The symptoms of reactive arthritis can
be like other health conditions. Make sure to see your healthcare provider for a
process starts with a health history and a physical exam. Diagnosis can be difficult.
This is because there are no specific tests that can confirm the condition. Some blood
tests may be done to rule out other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
Other tests may include:
You may also have testing to rule out other forms of arthritis.
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on
how severe the condition is. Treatment may also include:
main symptoms of reactive arthritis will often go away in a few months. Some people may
have mild arthritis symptoms for up to a year. Others may develop mild, long-term
arthritis. Up to half of people will have a flare-up of reactive arthritis in the
future. In rare cases, the condition may lead to chronic, severe arthritis. This can
lead to joint damage.
your symptoms get worse or you have new symptoms, let your healthcare provider know.
Before you agree to the test or the procedure make sure you know:
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