The liver is located in the upper
right-hand part of the abdominal cavity. It is under the diaphragm and on top of the
stomach, right kidney, and intestines. The liver is a dark, reddish-brown
triangle-shaped organ that weighs about 3 pounds. The liver has many functions.
There are 2 distinct sources that supply blood to the liver:
The liver holds about 1 pint (13%)
of the body's blood supply at any given moment. The liver has 2 main parts (lobes). Both
of these are made up of 8 segments that consist of a thousand small lobes (lobules).
These lobules are connected to small tubes (ducts) that connect with larger ducts from
the common hepatic duct. The common hepatic duct transports the bile produced by the
liver cells to the gallbladder and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). It
does this through the common bile duct. Bile is a clear green or yellow fluid that helps
break down the food you eat.