Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It
will also depend on how severe the condition is.
The goals of managing osteoporosis
- Decrease pain
- Prevent fractures
- Minimize further bone loss
Some of the ways to treat
osteoporosis are also ways to prevent it. They include:
- Staying at a healthy body weight
- Doing more walking and other
- Limiting caffeine and alcohol
- Stopping smoking
- Getting enough calcium and vitamin D
through diet and supplements
- Installing hand railings, or assistive
devices in the bathroom or shower to prevent falls
- Asking your healthcare provider about
medicines that may help
These medicines help maintain bone
health in women with osteoporosis at menopause:
Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) and
hormone replacement therapy (HRT). ERT reduces bone loss, increases bone
density, and reduces the risk for hip and spinal fractures in postmenopausal women.
But talk with your healthcare provider before taking them. Research found several
important health risks linked to this therapy. For many women, the risks of ERT
outweigh the benefits.
Biophosphonates. These medicines
reduce bone loss, increase bone density, and reduce the risk for fractures.
Selective estrogen receptor modulators
(SERMS). These medicines help prevent bone loss.
Parathyroid hormone. This medicine is
a form of parathyroid hormone. It helps form bone.
Monoclonal antibody. This medicine is
given by shot (injection) under the skin. It’s approved for women with osteoporosis
at high risk for fractures. It’s also used for women who are being treated with
cancer medicines that can weaken bones.