Cognitive development means the growth of a child’s ability to think and reason. This
growth happens differently from ages 6 to 12, and from ages 12 to 18.
Children ages 6 to 12 years old develop the ability to think in concrete ways. These
are called concrete operations. These things are called concrete because they’re done
around objects and events. This includes knowing how to:
Separate (subtract or divide)
Order (alphabetize and sort)
Transform objects and actions (change things,
such as 5 pennies = 1 nickel)
12 to 18 is called adolescence. Kids and teens in this age group do more complex
thinking. This type of thinking is also known as formal logical operations. This
includes the ability to:
thinking. This means thinking about possibilities.
Reason from known
principles. This means forming own new ideas or questions.
points of view. This means to compare or debate ideas or opinions.
Think about the
process of thinking. This means being aware of the act of thought