A kidney stone is a hard, pebble-like deposit that forms in the kidney. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Some are as big as golf balls. A stone may be smooth, irregular in shape, or jagged. Most are yellow or brown in color. There are different types of kidney stones:
Kidney stones are one of the most painful disorders, and one of the most common problems of the urinary tract. These people are more likely to get them:
Risk factors that can be controlled:
Risk factors that cannot be controlled:
The following are the most common symptoms of kidney stones:
Prompt medical attention for kidney stones is needed.
The symptoms of kidney stones may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Your healthcare provider will do a history and physical exam. You may have other tests including:
Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment based on:
Some kidney stones pass out of the body on their own without treatment. In cases that cause lasting symptoms or other complications, kidney stones may be treated with one of the following:
The best ways to prevent kidney stones are:
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