Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva. The vulva is the outer part of the female reproductive system. It’s also called the external genitalia. The labia majora and labia minora are 2 folds of skin that are part of the vulva. The outer folds are called the labia majora. The inner folds are called the labia minora.
Vulvitis causes symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching, and pain. It can be caused by diseases, infections, injuries, allergies, and other irritants. It is often hard to find the specific cause of vulvitis.
Vulvitis can be caused by the skin reacting to an irritant. Some of these include:
It can also be caused by:
A teen is more at risk for vulvitis if she has certain allergies, sensitivities, infections, or diseases that can lead to vulvitis. Girls who have not yet reached puberty and women after menopause are more at risk for vulvitis. This may be because of lower levels of estrogen.
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each girl. Symptoms on the vulva can include:
The symptoms of vulvitis can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
The healthcare provider will ask about your teen’s symptoms and health history. He or she will give your teen a physical exam. The physical exam may include a pelvic exam. Your teen may also have tests, such as:
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is, and what caused it. Treatment may include:
Your teen will also need to not have contact with any irritants that may have caused the problem.
Talk with your child’s healthcare provider about the risks, benefits, and possible side effects of all medicines.
Vulvitis caused by irritants can be prevented by not having contact with them.
Call the healthcare provider if your child has:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your child’s healthcare provider:
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