Vaginitis is any inflammation or infection of the vagina. It is a common problem in girls and women of all ages. It develops when the walls of the vagina become inflamed because of an infection or irritant.
Bacteria, yeast, viruses, and chemicals can cause vaginitis. The most common types are:
A girl is more at risk for vaginitis if she:
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each girl.
The symptoms of a yeast infection can include:
The symptoms of bacterial vaginosis can include:
The symptoms of trichomoniasis can include:
The symptoms of viral vaginitis can include:
The symptoms of noninfectious vaginitis can include:
The symptoms of vaginitis can be like other health conditions. Make sure your teen sees her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
The healthcare provider will ask about your pre-teen or teen’s symptoms and health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. The physical exam may include a pelvic exam. Your child may also have tests, such as:
Treatment will depend on your teen’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on the cause and how severe the condition is.
Treatment may include:
Treatment is done with antibiotics.
Treatment is done with oral antibiotics. All sexual partners need to be treated. This is to prevent the infection occurring again.
Treatment depends on the cause:
Treatment is done by finding out what caused the reaction or irritation, and removing it from use.
Talk with your teen’s healthcare providers about the risks, benefits, and possible side effects of all medicines.
HPV is the main cause of cervical cancer in women.
An HPV vaccine can prevent infection by the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers. The vaccine also helps prevent genital warts as well as some cancers of the vulva, vagina, and anus. The vaccine is given to children and young adults ages 9 to 26, ideally before they become sexually active. Ask your teen’s healthcare provider for more information.
Call the healthcare provider if your teen has:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your child’s healthcare provider:
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