The most common cause of cellulitis of the eye is an infection with bacteria. Often the exact bacteria are hard to identify. Common bacteria that cause cellulitis of the eye socket include:
The bacteria can get into the eye area in many different ways. The two most common ways are:
A child is more at risk of cellulitis of the eye if he or she has had either of these:
Symptoms of cellulitis of the eye can occur a bit differently in each child.
The symptoms of pre-septal cellulitis can include:
The eyeball is often not affected and will look normal. The eyes also will move normally.
The symptoms of orbital cellulitis can include:
The symptoms of cellulitis of the eye can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she may also ask about your family’s health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. Your child may also have tests, such as:
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. The 2 conditions may be treated differently.
Treatment for pre-septal cellulitis is most often done with antibiotic medicine taken by mouth or by a shot (injection). Your child will need to see the healthcare provider for follow-up care. This is to make sure the infection is going away, and not getting worse. Sometimes your child may need to stay in the hospital to get antibiotics by IV.
If your child has orbital cellulitis, he or she may need to see an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist. Treatment may include:
Possible complications include:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your child’s healthcare provider:
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