Anaphylaxis is a severe,
life-threatening reaction to an allergen. An allergen is something that your child is
allergic to. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency. Your child can have a reaction to an
allergen within seconds or as long as an hour after contact.
Anaphylaxis happens when a child comes in contact with an allergen. The kind of
allergen may be different for every child. Some of the most common causes include:
Anaphylaxis can happen in people without known risk factors. But the risk is greater if
your child has:
Symptoms most often appear quickly. Anaphylaxis may happen in seconds, minutes, or
hours after being exposed to an allergen. Symptoms may include:
symptoms of anaphylaxis may look like other health problems. Always talk with your
child’s healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
doctor can often diagnose anaphylaxis based on a health history alone. The healthcare
provider will look at the following to make a diagnosis:
Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency.
Your child will need urgent medical care. He or she will likely get a shot of
epinephrine. This will help stop the bad effects caused by the allergen. Epinephrine
given shortly after the exposure can reverse the symptoms. After the treatment, your
child will need to be watched to make sure that they are not having any further
reactions. Your healthcare provider can teach you how to use an epinephrine autoinjector
in case there is another exposure. You should keep 2 epinephrine autoinjectors with
your child in case of future events. Talk about this with your child’s healthcare
The best way to prevent anaphylaxis is
to have your child stay away from known allergy triggers. For a bee sting allergy (venom
allergy) there is treatment available to help prevent future allergic reactions. Talk
with your child's healthcare provider about this treatment.
If your child has anaphylaxis, you
will want to cut the risk of future episodes. You can do this by figuring out the
allergen that triggered the first episode. Then you can stay away from the trigger. Your
healthcare provider may also prescribe an epinephrine autoinjector. He or she will teach
you how to use it. You can give the shot quickly if your child has another episode.
to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
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