Clubfoot is a deformity of the foot. It’s when one or both feet are turned inward. The condition affects the bones, muscles, tendons, and blood vessels. Clubfoot is present at birth. It tends to affect more boys than girls.
A combination of things may lead to clubfoot. It is partly genetic.
This means it tends to run in families. It may also be environmental.
A child with a family history of clubfoot is more likely to develop it. Other risk factors are:
Babies born with clubfoot may also
have a higher risk for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). This health problem
affects the hip joint. The top of the thighbone (femur) slips in and out of the hip
socket because the socket is too shallow.
The symptoms of clubfoot are:
Your child’s healthcare provider makes the diagnosis of clubfoot at birth with a physical exam. During the exam, your child’s healthcare provider may ask about your child’s birth history and if other family members are known to have clubfoot.
If the diagnosis of clubfoot is
made in an older infant or child, your child’s healthcare provider may ask about
developmental milestones. Clubfoot can be linked to other disorders. Developmental
delays may need more follow-up to look at an underlying problem.
Your child may also need X-rays.
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
The goal of treatment is to
straighten the foot so that it can grow and develop more normally. Without treatment,
your child would have trouble walking. Treatment choices include:
Most infants with clubfoot don’t need surgery. Those who do may need more than one surgery because the deformity may come back as the child grows and develops.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your child’s healthcare provider:
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