Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) occurs when a blood clot forms in the brain’s
venous sinuses. This keeps blood from draining out of the brain. As a result, blood
cells may break and leak blood into the brain tissues. This causes a hemorrhage.
chain of events is part of a stroke that can occur in adults and children. It can occur
even in newborns and babies in the womb. A stroke can damage the brain and central
nervous system. A stroke is serious and needs medical attention right away.
condition may also be called cerebral sinovenous thrombosis.
CVST is a rare form of stroke. It affects about 5 people in 1 million each year. The risk for this kind of stroke in newborns is greatest during the first month. Overall, about 3 out of 300,000 children and teens up to age 18 will have a stroke.
Children and adults have different risk factors for CVST.
Risk factors for children and infants include:
Risk factors for adults include:
Symptoms of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis may vary, depending on where the blood
clot is. Responding quickly to these symptoms makes it more possible to recover.
These are the physical symptoms that may occur:
People who have had any type of stroke recover best if they get treatment right away.
If you suspect a stroke based on the symptoms, have someone take you to the emergency
room right away, or call 911 to get help.
Doctors often ask about your health history and do a physical exam. Family and friends
can describe the symptoms they saw, especially if the person who had the stroke is
unconscious. But the final diagnosis is often made based on how the blood is flowing in
the brain. Imaging tests show areas of blood flow. These tests may be used to diagnose
Treatment should begin right away. It must be done in a hospital. A treatment plan
Complications of CVST include:
You can do a lot to prevent stroke by leading a heart healthy lifestyle:
What you need to do to recover and then stay healthy after CVST will depend on how the stroke affected your brain. Everyone can benefit from a healthy diet and exercise.
may also need to take part in a special rehab program or physical therapy if you have
lost some movement or speech.
Other possible effects of the stroke, such as headaches or changes in vision, can be treated by specialists.
you have had this type of stroke, you may need to not take certain types of medicines,
such as birth control pills (oral contraceptives). These can increase your risk for
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
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