kidney stone is a hard, pebble-like deposit that forms in the kidney. -Most are as small
as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Rarely, they can be as big as golf balls. A
stone may be smooth, irregular in shape, or jagged. Most are yellow or brown in color.
There are different types of kidney stones:
Kidney stones are one of the most painful disorders. They are also one of the most
common problems of the urinary tract.
A kidney stone develops from crystals
that build up in the kidney. Urine normally contains chemicals that prevent or slow the
crystals from forming. But stones still form in some people. Small crystals can travel
through the urinary tract and pass out of the body in the urine without even being
noticed. A larger stone can get stuck in a ureter. The ureter is the small tube between
the kidney and the bladder. A large stone can also get stuck in the bladder or the
urethra. The urethra is the tube from the bladder that takes urine out of the body. A
large stone may block the flow of urine and cause great pain.
You are more likely to get a kidney stone if you:
These are factors you can control:
These things you can't control:
These are the most common symptoms of kidney stones:
symptoms of kidney stones may look like other health problems. Always talk with
your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
healthcare provider will ask about your health history and do a physical exam. You may
have other tests. These include:
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It
will also depend on how severe the condition is.
your healthcare provider right away if you think you have a kidney stone. Some kidney
stones pass out of the body on their own without treatment. In cases that cause lasting
symptoms or other complications, kidney stones may be treated with one of the
The best ways to prevent kidney stones are:
Let your healthcare provider know if
your symptoms get worse or you have new symptoms.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
The University of Chicago Medicine
5841 S. Maryland Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637 | 773-702-1000
Appointments: Call UCM Connect at 1-888-824-0200