If your test shows that you have
microalbuminuria, it's very important that you get treatment to slow the progression of
kidney disease. You'll need to keep your glucose controlled as much as possible. Staying
in your target range can greatly cut the risk of developing more serious kidney disease.
To reduce stress on your kidneys, you'll also need to control your blood pressure. Your
healthcare provider may recommend that you eat only moderate amounts of protein.
Maintaining good heart health by lowering cholesterol and managing high blood pressure
is also important for controlling microalbuminuria. And if you smoke, talk with your
healthcare provider about ways to quit. Quitting smoking will help prevent more kidney
damage as well as many other health problems.
Other changes that may help prevent
more kidney disease include losing weight if you are overweight, eating a low-salt diet,
cutting back on the amount of alcohol you drink, not taking NSAIDs such as ibuprofen,
and getting more exercise.
Two types of medicines are commonly
used to slow the progression of kidney disease. One type is an angiotensin-converting
enzyme (ACE) inhibitor such as lisinopril, captopril, and enalapril. The other is
angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) such as losartan. Other medicines may be used to
control blood pressure. These include calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers, and