A healthcare provider may suggest screening for anal cancer in these
- Men who have sex with men
- Women with a history of cervical, vaginal, or vulvar cancer
- Men or women who are HIV-positive
- All people who have had organ transplants
- Anyone with a history of anal warts
If testing shows abnormal cells under a microscope, your healthcare
provider will refer you for a biopsy. This is when a small piece of the area is removed.
Then a healthcare provider looks at it closely to see if there are cancer cells in
Not all experts agree that anal cancer screening is helpful. There's
also no agreement on which tests should be used. There are no recommendations on how
often screening should be done. There's also no research showing that screening can help
healthcare providers find and treat cell changes early to reduce anal cancer risk.
Still, you may want to talk to your healthcare provider about your anal cancer risk. Ask
if you regular screening might be right for you.