pancreas is an elongated, tapered organ located across the back of the abdomen, behind
the stomach. The right side of the organ is called the head. It is the widest part of
the organ. It lies in the curve of the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine.
The tapered left side extends slightly upward. It is called the body of the pancreas. It
ends near the spleen, called the tail.
The pancreas is made up of 2 types of glands:
Exocrine. The exocrine
gland secretes digestive enzymes. These enzymes are secreted into a network of
ducts that join the main pancreatic duct. It runs the length of the pancreas.
Endocrine. The endocrine gland consists of the islets of
Langerhans. It secretes hormones into the blood.