Your doctor may advise a hormone receptor test to help determine treatment options and to help learn more about the tumor. This test can help to predict how the cells will react to hormones.
The hormone receptor test measures the amount of certain proteins (called hormone receptors) in cancer tissue. Hormones (such as estrogen and progesterone) can attach to these proteins. If the test is positive, it means the hormone is probably helping the cancer cells grow. In this case, hormone therapy may be given to block the way the hormone works and help keep them away from the cancer cells (hormone receptors). If the test is negative, the hormone does not affect the growth of the cancer cells, and other cancer treatments may be given. Always discuss the results of the hormone receptor test with your doctor.
If the test shows that the hormones are affecting your cancer, the cancer may be treated in one of following ways:
Treating cancer cells to keep them from getting the hormones they need to grow
Treating the glands that produce hormones to stop them from making hormones
Surgery to remove glands that make the hormones, such as the ovaries that make estrogen, or the testicles that make testosterone
The type of hormone therapy you get depends on many factors, such as the type and size of your tumor, your age, the presence of hormone receptors on the tumor, and other factors.